26 September 2018
香港工程師學會《二零一八年政府施政報告》意見書 The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers Proposes Initiatives to the Administration for the Formulation of the 2018 Policy Address

(香港,二零一八年九月二十六日)香港工程師學會(下稱「學會」)就《二零一八年政府施政報告》(下稱「施政報告」)諮詢,向政府提出涵蓋土地及房屋供應、STEM(科學、科技、工程及數學)教育、環保及智慧城市等的建議,以保持香港的競爭力及推動未來的長遠發展。學會期望特首於稍後發表的施政報告,能考慮將本意見書的建議納入政府未來的施政方針。

 

對於與民生息息相關的土地及房屋供應議題,學會樂見政府成立土地供應專責小組,以探求各種解決方案。學會認為長遠而言,填海及發展岩洞和地下空間是增加土地供應的最有效方法。

 

填海對新市鎮發展起着重要作用,可減少對現有土地使用的影響。學會認為位處大嶼山及香港島之間的中部水域,適合發展人工島以支持東大嶼都會建設。現代工程技術能有效減少填海對環境的負面影響,學會並倡議在規劃時加入生態海岸線的設計。發展岩洞和地下空間能夠提供地下空間予交通及公共設施,政府應該制定相關的長遠及全面政策。

 

學會促請政府發展棕地,供GIC(政府、機構及社區)用途。學會建議採用公私合營模式,按市場土地成本及招標程序,與發展商及土地擁有者合作開發土地,作為商業/工業/其他設施之用地。具遠見的城市規劃和設計,對釋放寶貴而稀缺的土地資源尤其重要。

 

城市的重新規劃也是增加土地供應的有效方法,學會支持政府推動更多先導計劃,將閒置用地興建組合屋以提供過渡性房屋,及研究放寬工廈低層用途。

 

至於在房屋供應方面,學會明白市民負擔居住成本的能力與地價有密切關係。學會建議政府向香港永久性居民提供首次置業方案。


在教育方面,學會期望政府透過促進不同持份者,包括業界、專業團體和本地大學的合作,為STEM教育的推廣提供更多支援及資源。學會亦認為持續進修基金的資助範圍應該擴展至工程及建築相關的課程。

 

學會同時建議政府增加對推動創新的支持,推廣建築信息模型(BIM)技術於私人項目中的應用,及擴大科技券計劃,涵蓋業界的新興技術。

 

為推動環境保護,學會倡議將浮動太陽能板發電系統進一步應用到其他沒有海上交通的沿海地區。學會也提議擴大「一換一」計劃的範圍以涵蓋不同類型車輛,以提升電動車的普及程度。除此之外,政府應該為智慧城市藍圖中的「空間數據共享平台」制定相關準則及規範,確保平台能夠有效地推行。

 

學會歡迎智慧城市的發展,並建議政府於制定下一個十年醫院發展計劃時,加入更多智慧科技元素。學會支持醫院管理局設立大數據分析平台,分享更多醫療數據,推動相關研究。

 

學會支持樂齡及康復創科應用基金的定期撥款,及擴大香港人才清單的覆蓋範圍,以應付本港市場需求。學會亦建議當局成立高規格的小組,以協助制定長遠的人口政策。

 

學會將致力向政府提供專業意見,以助各項建議執行。

 

附錄為意見書之全文(僅供英文版本)。


如欲垂詢,請與香港工程師學會傳訊統籌部聯絡。

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(26 September 2018, Hong Kong) The Hong Kong Institution of Engineers (HKIE) proposes initiatives to the Administration covering various aspects including land and housing supply, STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education, environmental protection measures, and Smart City, in order to sustain the competitiveness of Hong Kong and set a pathway towards prosperity for the next generations. The HKIE looks forward to the 2018 Policy Address to be delivered by the Chief Executive soon incorporating the Institution’s proposals into the strategic plan of the Administration.

 

In particular to the topic of wide public interest relating to the potential options of tackling future land and housing supply challenges, the HKIE is pleased to see the Task Force on Land Supply has been set up to identify solutions. The HKIE considers that reclamation and development of rock cavern and underground space are some of the most efficient methods to boost Hong Kong’s land supply in the long run.

 

The HKIE considers that reclamation can minimise the impacts on existing land use, and has been an important means in new town development. The Central Waters between Lantau and Hong Kong Island are considered suitable for developing artificial islands for the East Lantau Metropolis. Modern engineering technologies can better manage and minimise the environmental impact of reclamation, particularly when the design of eco-shorelines is taken into consideration at the project planning. While the development of rock cavern and underground space has been significant for providing space for underground transportation and public facilities for years, a holistic and long-term plan for its wider application is considered necessary.

 

The HKIE urges the Administration to develop brownfield sites for GIC (Government, Institution or Community) usage. As for proposals of developments of commercial, industrial and other facilities from developers and land owners, a form of public-private partnership arrangement in regard to the market land cost and tender process is considered favourable. A visionary urban planning and design is also crucial to releasing land resources.

 

Urban regeneration could be a constructive measure for land supply. The HKIE supports more pilot projects of pre-fabricated modular housing on idle sites for building transitional housing, and urges the Administration to study on the feasibility of converting lower floors of industrial buildings for non-industrial purposes.


With regard to housing supply, the HKIE views that affordability of housing essentially lies in land price. The HKIE proposes to introduce a solution for the first and an only one-off opportunity purchase for Hong Kong permanent residents.

 

In the area of education, the HKIE looks forward to the reinforcement of STEM education through fostering collaboration among stakeholders to provide support and materials. The HKIE is also of the view that the range of courses covered under the Continuing Education Fund could be expanded to include courses relating to engineering and construction industry.

 

The HKIE also proposes the Administration to increase support to innovation, promote the adoption of Building Information Modelling (BIM) technology in private projects, and to consider extending the scope of Technology Voucher Programme to cover emerging technologies for the industry.

 

To enhance initiatives for protecting the environment, the HKIE suggests the extension of the scope of trial of floating photovoltaic systems to coastal area without marine traffic. The HKIE proposes to extend the provision of the “One-for-One Replacement” Scheme to cover different types of vehicles to push for the popularity of electric vehicles. In addition, the Administration is recommended to develop a set of data exchange standards to ensure efficient implementation of the Common Spatial Data Infrastructure of the Smart City Blueprint.

 

The HKIE welcomes the adoption of a smart city approach, and suggests the Administration to explore wider application of smart health technologies when formulating the next 10-year hospital development plan. The HKIE also supports the new initiative of setting up a Big Data Analytics Platform in opening up data of the Hospital Authority to facilitate relevant researches.

 

The HKIE supports the Administration to consider regularising the newly introduced fund under the Innovation and Technology Fund for Application in Elderly and Rehabilitation Care, and extend the Talent List to include experts in other professional fields upon reviewing the long-term demand of various skill sets that Hong Kong may lack. The set-up of a high-level entity for the planning of human resources would be favourable.

 

The HKIE is prepared to provide our professional views to the Administration for the implementation of the initiatives.

 

The full submissions can be found in the Appendix.

 


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